From ten-step Korean routines to celebrity skincare lines, skincare has been all the rage recently.

But there is a science to sticking to a daily beauty routine. In fact, a product has to be used for at least six weeks for you to actually notice a difference. “Results are only seen through consistent use,” confirms Dr. Rachel Nazarian of the Schweiger Dermatology Group. This is why people swear by their regimen once they find the products that work for them.

So, if you want to learn how to build your own routine, this guide might help:

First Step: Cleanser

The first step to both day and night routines is to start with a blank canvas and wash away any accumulated dirt. Gentle cleansers are best to start the day with so you don’t strip off too much of your natural oils.

But when getting rid of dirt and makeup at night time, try the double-cleansing method. Ditch the makeup-removing wipes and opt for a cleansing balm — it melts from a balm to oil and gently removes all makeup without tugging. Try cream cleansing balms, which are well-loved among skincare enthusiasts, experts or not. They’re affordable and work well for most skin types. Follow this up with your regular cleanser to wash away any residue.

Second Step: Boosters and Treatments

A toner’s main purpose is to balance out your skin’s PH. Toners can also return the hydration and moisture to your skin after the cleansing stage.

Meanwhile, beauty waters, mists, and essences contain different ingredients serving different purposes. Rosewater, for example, has an anti-inflammatory effect and is suited for people who struggle with acne. Similarly, Green tea calms irritation and reduces redness. This is helpful for mornings when your face is especially puffy and sensitive.

Finally, serums are filled with concentrated active ingredients. Vitamin C is popular for brightening dark spots and dull skin. Hyaluronic acid seals in hydration and strengthens the top layer of your skin to prevent moisture loss. And although retinol used to be used by people with mature skin, it has recently been popularized among young consumers as a preventative. Retinols can stimulate collagen production and can prevent fine lines and skin sagging.

Some products are meant to be used at specific times of the day or season. Products containing ingredients like retinol, AHAs, or Vitamin C can heighten photosensitivity — when exposed to sunlight, they could cause sun damage. Read up on when to best use your products with active ingredients.

Third Step: Moisturizer and Protection

You want to make sure you’re locking in all the goodness within your skin before you apply makeup, or before you go to bed. Your best bet is a simple, hydrating moisturizer, which would be a great addition to any skin care routine for sensitive skin. Opt for fragrance-free versions and find one that can help relieve dry, irritated skin. For oily skin, gel moisturizers work best because they are absorbed quickly. Normal and combination skin types can work with most drugstore moisturizers out there.

The last step for daytime routines should always be sunscreen. It protects your skin from harmful UV rays from the sun. Your gadgets, like your laptop and phone, also give off visible light that can cause hyperpigmentation — that’s why sunscreen should be used during the day, even indoors. Look for an everyday sunscreen that has SPF 50. A gel-type sunscreen is recommended for those who hate white casts and want a light formula.

These categories cover all the skincare basics, but you can consult with your dermatologist to learn more about your skin. Remember that when it comes to skincare, consistency is the key to beauty!

 

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